conservation image Iraq Cultural Heritage Conservation Initiative

The remains and reconstructions of Babylon's Ishtar Gate, original parts of which are now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. Babylon was the most famous city of the Near East in antiquity and capital of two of the period's most famous kings—Hammurabi (18th century BC), who established the world's first code of law, and Nebuchadnezzar (6th century BC), who created the Hanging Gardens, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Photo: Courtesy of John Russell.