Jan and Hubert van Eyck’s famous Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, better known as the Ghent Altarpiece of 1432, ranks among the most significant works of art in Europe. Housed at Saint Bavo Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium, the large and complex altarpiece suffered a varied history over the centuries. Dismantled, stolen, and damaged many times over, it was reassembled, cleaned, and restored after World War II. Despite this harrowing past, today scholars and art lovers around the world are only a click away from freely exploring over 100 billion pixels of the altarpiece online, thanks to a series of grants provided by the Getty Foundation as part of the Panel Paintings Initiative.
The first Getty grant awarded in 2010 focused on a thorough condition assessment and emergency stabilization of the altarpiece, which involved the training of postgraduate and mid-career conservators under the supervision of leading panel paintings experts. Additional funds allowed an international advisory committee led by art historians and conservation scientists specialized in early Dutch and Flemish paintings to oversee the condition assessment. The investigation resulted in a complete plan for full conservation treatment of the altarpiece, which is being led by Belgium's Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (KIK/IRPA) with a scheduled completion date of 2017.
During the technical study, experts produced documentation of unprecedented detail and quality that resulted in the innovative web application Closer to Van Eyck: Rediscovering the Ghent Altarpiece
, which was supported largely by the Getty Foundation and is hosted by KIK/IRPA. The site allows users to zoom into individual sections of the altarpiece and take a virtual peek under the paint surface by means of infrared reflectography (IRR) and x-radiography, examining the altarpiece in ways never before possible.
Most recently the Getty Foundation provided a final grant in 2013 to support phase two of the web application, Even Closer to Van Eyck. Phase two will incorporate high-resolution images produced during and after the full conservation of the altarpiece, which is currently underway. The web application is expected to set new standards for digital projects related to art history and conservation by providing access to the decision-making process for the treatment of the altarpiece and by disseminating the open-source technology behind the website to the museum community.